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                                                                                                                                                                          真钱娱乐开户网址:我发现今年“熊孩子”们,和过去不太一样了

                                                                                                                                                                          2019-02-05 15:25 北京市榉木新闻站

                                                                                                                                                                            一年一度全家大团圆的日子,正好也是“熊孩子”们释放天性的时刻。

                                                                                                                                                                            饭菜摆上桌、音乐响起来、闪光灯准备,“熊孩子”就位,预备——齐,请开始你们的表演!

                                                                                                                                                                            然鹅,现实情况好像和我想象的不太一样。

                                                                                                                                                                            想当年,小编曾经也是“熊孩子”中的一员,满地乱跑、惊声尖叫,有着瞬间可以把餐厅变成大型蹦迪现场的能力,还有着我就是全场最亮的崽般的自信。

                                                                                                                                                                            如今,小编已退出江湖多年,没想到手机、平板电脑等一切电子产品却成功地俘获了孩子们的芳心,甚至连我两岁的表弟问妈妈要的都不是糖果,而是用手机看动画片……

                                                                                                                                                                            看上去电子产品确实是让孩子们不哭闹的方法,但这办法真的好吗?

                                                                                                                                                                            前段时间,BBC就出过这样一则报道:

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲“(长)时间使用屏幕‘可能伤害蹒跚学步的孩子’”(via BBC)

                                                                                                                                                                            加拿大一机构做了一项调查:

                                                                                                                                                                            Mums were surveyed (between 2011 and 2016) about screen use, and filled out questionnaires about their child's skills and development at ages two, three and five.

                                                                                                                                                                            在2011年至2016年间,研究人员从妈妈们那儿了解孩子屏幕使用情况,还请她们对孩子在2岁、3岁以及5岁时候技能和发展的情况填写了调查问卷。

                                                                                                                                                                            Screen time included watching TV programmes, films or videos, gaming, and using a computer, tablet, phone or any other screen-based device.

                                                                                                                                                                            屏幕使用时间包括观看电视节目、电影、视频、游戏、使用电脑、平板电脑、手机等设备。

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲Screen time 'may harm toddlers' (via BBC)

                                                                                                                                                                            他们最后得出的结论是:

                                                                                                                                                                            让一个蹒跚学步的孩子长时间使用电脑可能会延缓他们语言和社交等能力的发展。

                                                                                                                                                                            但是有专家也指出,看多久屏幕和看哪种类型的屏幕,是否就会造成发育迟缓,目前尚不清楚。

                                                                                                                                                                            可能屏幕使用时间和养育孩子的方法 及孩子们休闲时间 的安排等因素一起造成发育迟缓。

                                                                                                                                                                            The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health says there is not enough evidence, even when you include this new study, for a "direct toxic effect".

                                                                                                                                                                            英国一机构表示,目前没有足够的证据(即使这项新研究也无法)证明它(屏幕使用时间对孩子发育)有“直接的毒害作用”。

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲Screen time 'may harm toddlers' (via BBC)

                                                                                                                                                                            但是话又说回来,孩子还是不能一直看电子屏幕吧。

                                                                                                                                                                            Even without solid proof of harm, Dr Sheri Madigan and colleagues say it still makes sense to moderate children's screen time and make sure it doesn't interfere with "face-to-face interactions or family time".

                                                                                                                                                                            有专家称,即使没有确凿的证据证明这有什么害处,但控制 孩子们看电视的时间, 确保有足够“面对面的交流或和家人在一起”的时间,仍然是有意义的。

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲Screen time 'may harm toddlers' (via BBC)

                                                                                                                                                                            孩子看多久手机、玩多久电脑这一问题早已在Quora上引发许多家长的讨论……

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲你会限制孩子使用电子屏幕产品的时间吗?(via Quora)

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲为什么家长限制孩子使用电子屏幕产品?(via Quora)

                                                                                                                                                                            不少家长分享了自己观点与做法:

                                                                                                                                                                            @Meredith Mize Vaughan:

                                                                                                                                                                            Yes, but not rigidly any more. He gets a base of 1 hour screen time each school day and can earn extra screen time with good grades and above expected behavior at school and home.

                                                                                                                                                                            是的,但不再是非常严格。他每天的基本屏幕时间为1小时,如果在学校和家里表现良好,可以获得额外的屏幕使用时间。

                                                                                                                                                                            这位母亲的孩子在五岁的时候有“多动症”倾向,她将额外屏幕使用时间作为奖励,为了规范孩子的行为。

                                                                                                                                                                            @ Donna Ess:

                                                                                                                                                                            I wouldn’t say that we limit screen time per say. We offer lots of other opportunities for her to be engaged in the world.

                                                                                                                                                                            我不会说我们限制她看电视的时间。我们为她创造了很多去看看世界的机会。

                                                                                                                                                                            We filled our days with art, science and outdoor play. We read, cooked and played.

                                                                                                                                                                            我们的生活充满了艺术、科学和户外活动。我们读书、做饭、玩耍。

                                                                                                                                                                            这位家长在孩子五岁之前就给孩子买了iPad,但经常使用一些娱乐和教育的应用程序,并且孩子一天只用几小时。

                                                                                                                                                                            @Neha Saxena:

                                                                                                                                                                            Do not take shortcuts with your child. TV and Electronic Gadgets may help you for 15 mins but you may be compromising on your child’s development.

                                                                                                                                                                            别想在孩子身上走捷径。电视或电子产品可以帮你15分钟,但是你可能危害到你孩子的成长。

                                                                                                                                                                            这位母亲从自家孩子身上得出这一结论。她表示4岁的女儿爱发脾气,渴望得到手机或其他电子产品,而她为了能让孩子安静下来就会妥协并将手机给他。

                                                                                                                                                                            @Joyce Fetteroll:

                                                                                                                                                                            I found electronic media was a rich addition to everything else available allowing my daughter to explore the world in different ways.

                                                                                                                                                                            我发现电子媒体就像是对外界的一切的补充,能够让我的女儿用不同的方式探索世界。

                                                                                                                                                                            I didn't limit any resources. I treated electronic media as I did the library. I helped my daughter zero in on what might interest her, find what she was searching for and avoid what she wasn't.

                                                                                                                                                                            我没有限制任何资源。我对待电子媒体就像对待图书馆一样。 我帮助我的女儿专注于她可能感兴趣的东西,找到她在寻找的东西,避免她不感兴趣的东西。

                                                                                                                                                                            这位妈妈愿意和孩子一起看电视、玩电子游戏培养感情,同时认为网络能够帮助孩子和世界各地的孩子们建立交流与联系。

                                                                                                                                                                            各国研究人员对于限制孩子使用屏幕时间也持有不同看法。

                                                                                                                                                                            @美国The American Association of Paediatrics' (AAP):

                                                                                                                                                                            1. For children younger than 18 months, avoid use of screen media other than video-chatting.

                                                                                                                                                                            对于18个月以下的儿童,避免使用除视频聊天外的屏幕产品。

                                                                                                                                                                            2. Parents of children 18 to 24 months of age who want to introduce digital media should choose high-quality programming, and watch it with their children to help them understand what they are seeing.

                                                                                                                                                                            18 - 24个月大的孩子父母如果想要使用数字媒体的话,应该选择高质量的节目,并和他们的孩子一起观看,以帮助他们理解节目内容。

                                                                                                                                                                            3. For children ages two to five years, limit screen use to one hour per day of high-quality programmes. Again, parents should be watching it with their children.

                                                                                                                                                                            2-5岁的孩子,每天观看高质量节目的时间限制在1小时以内。同样,父母应该和孩子一起观看。

                                                                                                                                                                            4. For children ages six and older, place consistent limits, making sure screen time does not get in the way of sleep and physical activity.

                                                                                                                                                                            对于6岁及以上的儿童,需要限制,确保屏幕时间不会影响睡眠和身体活动。

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲Screen time 'may harm toddlers' (via BBC)

                                                                                                                                                                            @英国 The UK's Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH):

                                                                                                                                                                            “Evidence is weak for a threshold to guide children and parents to the appropriate level of screen time, and we are unable to recommend a cut-off for children's screen time overall."

                                                                                                                                                                            “究竟儿童和家长如何控制使用屏幕的时间,目前没有确切的说法,我们也无法建议全面限制儿童的屏幕时间。”

                                                                                                                                                                            ▲Screen time 'may harm toddlers' (via BBC)

                                                                                                                                                                            不管怎么说,我们还是得适当并适量地使用 电子产品呀!

                                                                                                                                                                            你对孩子长时间看屏幕有什么看法呢?有没有独家的小故事与大家分享?